Ouzel Omens: Stream Restoration Efforts
By David Carle, Park Ranger, Mono Lake
Tufa State Reserve
"Do you believe in signs?"
The other man looked at Scott
English (generally a sober, rational, scientific
sort of guy) as though he had flipped his lid.
The two men were working recently
along Lee Vining Creek, selecting test sites for
this summer's revegetation efforts. It is all
part of the court-mandated work to restore the
creek to its "pre-diversion" conditions.
Streams flowing to Mono Lake were never supposed
to be totally dried up by the diversions to Los
Angeles, according to Fish & Game law. So
now the hard work is beginning to try to reestablish
conditions in the creek and along its banks to
restore high quality fish habitat.
Scott and his co-worker had been trying to decide if
a certain site was suitable for planting, when Scott
received the "sign." An ouzel landed in the
middle of that part of the stream. A water ouzel. The
first one they had seen along lower Lee Vining Creek.
Perhaps a "sign" that the study plot there
was well chosen.
The ouzel was definitely a sign of change, anyway.
Lee Vining Creek, along with Parker, Walker and lower
Rush Creeks, was dead-dry most of the last 50 years.
Ouzels live along water in the water, much of
the time. They are plump, gray little birds that some
people call "Dippers" because they constantly
bob their tails up and down, whether standing still
or walking. They can "fly" submerged, searching
for water insects to eat.
John Muir called the ouzel "the mountain streams'
own darling, the hummingbird of blooming waters, loving
rocky ripple slopes and sheets of foam as a bee loves
flowers, as a lark loves sunshine and meadows. Among
all the mountain birds, none has cheered me so much
in my lonely wanderings." Muir particularly loved
I don't know if Scott English had Muir's writing in
mind when he saw that ouzel in Lee Vining Creek. But
I do know that Scott has been noting each return of
a water-loving creature to that area. There's a kingfisher
hanging out near the county road crossing now. And a
great blue heron. Fish-eaters.
In the stream itself, you can discover fish food. Caddis
fly larvae and stone fly larvae are back among the rocks.
Trout love them. Where vegetation has returned to the
shore, this summer you should be able to find the skeletal
shells of the larvae left behind on stems when the larvae
emerge as flying adults.
Some plants have begun to grow again along the channel.
Tiny little cottonwood trees are sprouting here and
there. Last spring, an amazing display of blue lupine
flowers appeared near the Lee Vining Creek crossing
of the county road. The seeds must have been waiting
there in the soil for years.
Water brings the return of life.
But despite these hopeful signs, the flowing water
may not, in itself, restore the old conditions to the
creek channel. Unfortunately, after all the streamside
vegetation had been long dead, a couple times over the
years, high-water floods scoured the unstabilized channel,
altering its bed and its very location.
A healthy stream needs a variety of riffles and deep
pools, quiet and swift water, gravels for spawning and
places for trout to escape and hide. And it needs banks
stabilized by grasses, shrubs and trees.
Cottonwoods, aspens, and willows will have other benefits,
of course. They will shade the stream in places. They
will die, over time, their branches and trunks falling
into the stream, causing new pools to form behind them
and providing new places for trout to hide. And the
trees will become habitat for land dwellers. Places
for kingfishers and bald eagles to perch. Nesting sites.
Homes for insects and reptiles and mammals.
The green strip of riparian vegetation that lines water
courses is also attractive to human mammals. As the
creeks recover, they will once again be wonderful places
to hike, picnic, and yes, even to fish. The creek corridor
will be an oasis in the arid Mono Basin.
Scott English is part of the "ground crew"
that will help this to happen in our lifetimes. His
work reminds me of a computer game I recently bought.
It's one of those mazes with 20 levels of hazards and
rewards. A horribly addictive game. I love the problem-solving,
but imagine the horror of reaching level 19, surviving
all those hazards, and then making one deadly mistake.
Do I have to start all over again from Level 1, go all
the way through the entire game once more in order to
make new progress toward that ultimate Crown of Kroz?
No, thank goodness. Not if I use the "restore"
function. If I am wise, I'll have taken steps so the
computer memory starts me off again at a higher level.
By restoring to that point I can shortcut the long,
long process of beginning over from scratch.
The court has mandated that the once-dry creeks flowing
to Mono Lake be restored. And we aren't going to have
to wait for 40 or 60 or 100 years to see if it can ever
successfully be done. Efforts are beginning now to actively
restore the streams.
The ouzel and the other water creatures show that the
process is underway. Stream-channel work and planting
of riparian vegetation will speed things along.
The next few years should bring wonderful changes to
the streams flowing into Mono Lake. The ouzels are back.
You're welcome too.
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